How Addiction Treatment Has Improved Due To Medication
During the detox, some people need to be given medications to counter or reduce the intensity of the withdrawal symptoms they experience which could cause them to go back to using drugs again. In some cases, use of medicine assists users to keep away from the addictive substances. The withdrawal symptoms are often the reason for the addict to relapse, so medication is given to ease the pain of withdrawal. In many inpatient and outpatient treatment centres, medications are part of the addiction treatment program. To give the patient the best chance of recovering, a doctor may adjust the dosage of the medication gradually during the treatment.
Withdrawal symptoms and cravings can be eased with the help of medication that mimic the effect of the addictive substances.
Drug Withdrawal And Detoxification
At the start of the program, the body goes through a process to remove the drugs from the system. This is cleansing or detox. Depending on the drug the detox stage can last as long as several days to several weeks.
Dealing with withdrawal side effects is frequently the hardest part of detoxification. Depending on the patient's past drug or alcohol use the withdrawal symptoms will vary. The most terrible signs are appeared in the case of those who have been using the drugs for longer period of time with high dosage.
The Former addicts face some irritating side effects during detox. There symptoms include
- Intense sadness
- Feeling Nauseous
- Convulsive attack
- Aches in the muscles
- Profuse sweating
To deal with these withdrawal side effects, many medicines are available for this. Some of the drugs prescribed are as follows
- For stress and irritability reduction.
- Anxiety and stress are a common symptom of detox from many drugs.
- The soothing impact which controls liquor withdrawals is Benzos.
- Benzos are addictive so physicians are careful about prescribing those.
- With no drugs, an addict can't develop natural quantities of joy- generating chemicals in their brain.
- It is common with the people in detox to feel depressed as they have been using drugs for a much longer period to keep themselves happy.
- Until the brain can produce happiness inducing chemicals the patient is given antidepressants during the rehab program.
- Clonidine can reduce anxiousness, muscle aches, sweating and cramps and is used to treat withdrawal from opioids and alcohol.
- Seizures and tremors can also be treated using Clonidine.
Detoxing can be a deadly business, especially if from alcohol, Valium or Xanax so addicts should never go cold turkey. Other drugs withdrawal symptoms are less deadly, but it is good to take caution as there are always risks. There is a complete surety of success and security in detox.
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Alcohol Addiction Medications
The period of withdrawal signs range from several weeks to months depending on the extended time of abusing alcohol regularly. These symptoms that last a long time are also known as Post-Acute Withdrawal Syndrome (PAWS).
With treatments such as maintenance therapy, the PAWS can be relieved as well as the cravings and they may also make the user unable to stomach alcohol. The medication is usually taken as a single pill once a day.
Alcohol addiction medication includes
- Naltrexone (Vivitrol)
- Naltrexone prevent receptors in the brain that generate alcohol's satisfying side effects.
- The craving for alcohol is also reduced by the drug.
- Naltrexone might provoke some sickness in stomach or headaches.
- It is also available as a single dose given once a month in the form of an injection.
- Acamprosate (Campral)
- This medicine alleviates emotional and physical pain resulted by alcohol addiction.
- This medication is usually taken by recovering alcoholics after the detoxification period is over.
- Acamprosate works by eliminating the worse feelings of nervousness and hopelessness that results in lessening the desire to drink.
- Disulfiram (Antabuse)
- Disulfiram was the primary medicine authorized for alcoholism.
- Side effects like vomiting are likely to occur if a person taking Disulfiram takes alcohol.
- This medication has been very successful as it deters alcoholics from drinking.
Find out more details about liquor addiction treatment.
Heroin And Drug Addiction Medicines
Heroin, Morphine and sedative painkillers such as Oxycontin are included in Opiates. Opiate and Heroin medications helps the person in fighting against hunger and withdrawal signs. These medicines are frequently given in capsules form on a daily routine.
Some recovering addicts only go through withdrawal from Heroin and Opiate drugs for just a week. Long- term withdrawal symptoms can be experienced by some people. In some cases the withdrawals side effects can last for months or years. PAWS and desires can be controlled by long-term replacement medicines. Ex-patients can use these medicines as long as they want.
Addiction medicines for Heroin and painkillers are
- Prescriptions of Methadone are usually given to people suffering from moderate or severe addictions.
- Methadone doesn't cause intoxication but it binds onto the same brain receptors as opiates and prevents further use of drugs to get the high feeling.
- The urges to take drugs are contained, and withdrawal symptoms avoided.
- Methadone is prescribed with attention since some patients have become addicted to it instead of Heroin and painkillers.
- Treatment facilities offering Methadone give it to their patients daily so that they are not able to over indulge and become addicted.
- More About Methadone.
- Buprenorphine (Suboxone)
- Buprenorphine works in the same way as Methadone but has a less potential to cause addiction and isn't regulated as much.
- Those on Buprenorphine are allowed to take their prescription home instead of visiting the treatment centre daily.
- Naltrexone works for both Opiate addiction and alcohol addiction.
- This drug helps to control the urge or craving.
- The same brain receptors are activated for both alcohol and Opiates.
Medical Detox And Rehabilitation
Many people have attempted to give up drug use on their own. Detoxing with no medical supervision, it is difficult as well as risky. A safe and comfortable location such as a rehab centre is the best way to gain sobriety. Medical detox is compulsory for those who are addicts of liquor or benzos.
It is wise to start the first step in addiction treatment with a medically supervised detox program.
Many health problems can be dealt with in a medically supervised detox. The treating therapist monitors a rehab patient's vital signs like pulse, temperature, breathing rate and fluid levels in a medically supervised treatment. If patient felt any type of pain the doctor are there for help. In addition, they adapt any medicine dosages depending on the patient's requirements and durable programs for medication.
The ones with different health problems should also look for a medical detoxification. High blood pressure is one of the problem of withdrawals. Doctors can spot impending problems and treat them early.
Detoxification is frequently a segment of inpatient rehabilitations. Residential rehabilitation can last for between 30 and 90 days in many cases. Constant supervision is given during the first week of detox. To improve the odds of recovering successfully, rehabilitation usually includes treatments such as behavioural therapy.
Medical rehab is the best choice for helping a loved one gain sobriety call 0800 772 3971.